Contributors

Derek Alderson MD FRCS
Barling Chair of Surgery, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK

Gina M. Allen BM DCH MRCGP MRCP FRCR
Oxford Soft Tissue Injury Clinic (OSTIC), St Luke’s Hospital, Oxford, UK

Jonathan R. Anderson FRCS
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK

Andrew Barnett FRCS(Orth)
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Gobowen, Shropshire, UK

Grant Bates BSc BM BCh FRCS (deceased)
Ear, Nose and Throat Surgeon, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, and Lecturer, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Philip Bejon MD
Bone Infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK

Tony Belli MD FRCS(SN)
Reader in Trauma, Neurosurgery, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Satyajit Bhattacharya MS MPhil FRCS
Consultant Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgeon, The Royal London Hospital, London, UK

Martin Birchall MA(Cantab) FRCS FRCS(Oto) FRCS (ORL)
Professor of Laryngology, University College London, Consultant in Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, The Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital, UCLH NHS Trust, London, UK

Kenneth D. Boffard BSc(Hons) MB BCh FRCS FRCS(Ed) FRCPS(Glas)
FCS(SA) FACS
Professor and Head, Department of Surgery, Johannesburg Hospital and University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Gavin Bowden MB BCh FCS(SA)(Orth)
Consultant Spinal Surgeon, St Luke’s Hospital, Oxford, UK

J. Andrew Bradley MB ChB PhD FRCS Ac MedSci
Professor of Surgery, University of Cambridge and Consultant Surgeon, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, UK

Karim Brohi BSc FRCS FRCA
Professor of Trauma Sciences, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK

Harry Bulstrode MA(Cantab) BMBCh MRCS(Eng)
Academic Clinical Fellow in Neurosurgery, Division of Neurosciences, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK

Gordon Carlson BSc MD FRCS
Consultant Surgeon, Honorary Professor of Surgery, University of Manchester; Honorary Professor of Biomedical Science, University of Salford, Salford, UK

Christopher L.H. Chan BSc PhD FRCS FRCS(Gen Surg)
Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, Academic Surgical Unit, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK

Ian Chetter MB ChB FRCS MD FRCS(Gen Surg) PGCert Medical Ultrasound PGDip Clinical Education
Professor of Surgery, Hull York Medical School, University of York, Honorary Consultant Vascular Surgeon, Hull and East Yorkshire NHS Trust, Academic Vascular Surgical Unit, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull, UK

Sue Clark MD FRCS (Gen Surg)
Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, St Mark’s Hospital, Harrow, UK

Kevin C Conlon MA MCh MBA FRCSI FRCPS(Glas) FTCD
Professor of Surgery, Trinity College Dublin; Consultant Surgeon, St Vincent’s University Hospital and the Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Paul Cool MD MedSc(Res) FRCS(Ed) FRCS(Orth)
Consultant Orthopaedic and Oncological Surgeon, Robert Jones
and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital, Gobowen, Shropshire, UK

Lord Darzi of Denham PC KBE HonFREng FMedSci
Professor of Surgery, Imperial College London, UK

Pradip K. Datta MBE MS FRCS(Ed) FRCS(Eng) FRCSI  FRCPS(Glas)
Honorary Consultant Surgeon, Caithness General Hospital, Wick, Caithness, UK

Brian R. Davidson MB ChB MD FRCPS(Glas) FRCS
Consultant Surgeon and Professor of HPB and Liver Transplant Surgery, Royal Free and
University College School of Medicine, London, UK

Sanjay De Bakshi MB BS MS FRCS(Eng) FRCS(Ed)
Consultant Surgeon, Unit of Surgical Gastroenterology, Calcutta Medical Research Institute, Kolkata, India

Ian Eardley MA MChir FRCS (Urol) FEBU
Consultant Urologist, Department of Urology, St James University Hospital, Leeds, UK

Michael J. Earley FRCSI FRCS(Plast) MB MCh
Consultant Plastic Surgeon and Asociate Clinical Professor, The Children’s University Hospital, Temple Street and the Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Dublin, Ireland; and Past President of the British Association of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons

Jonothan J. Earnshaw MB BS DM FRCS
Consultant Vascular Surgeon, Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, Gloucester, UK

Deborah M. Eastwood MB ChB FRCS
The Catterall Unit, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Stanmore, Middlesex, UK

Roger M. Feakins BCh BAO BA MB MD FRCPI FRCPath
Consultant Histopathologist, and NHS Professor of
Gastrointestinal Pathology, Department of Histopathology, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK

Kenneth C.H. Fearon MB ChB(Hons) MD FRCPS(Glas) FRCS(Ed) FRCS(Eng)
Professor of Surgical Oncology and Honorary Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, Clinical Surgery, School of Clinical Science, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, UK

Pierre Foex DPhil FRCA FMedSci
Nuffield Division of Anaesthetics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley Way, Oxford, UK

Christopher G. Fowler BSc BS MA MB MS FRCP FRCS(Urol) FEBU FHEA
Professor, Department of Urology, The Royal London Hospital, London, UK

Brian J C Freeman MB BCh BAO DM FRCS (Tr & Orth) FRACS (Ortho)
Professor of Spinal Surgery, University of Adelaide; Head of Spinal Services, Royal Adelaide Hospital; Senior Visiting Specialist, Women’s and Children’s Hospital; Research Director, Adelaide Centre for Spinal Research, Adelaide, Australia.

O. James Garden BSc MB ChB MD FRCPS( Glas) FRCS(Ed) FRCP(Ed) FRCSCan FRACS(Hon)
Regius Professor of Clinical Surgery and Honorary Consultant Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgeon, Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, UK

Sudip Ghosh MB BS MS FRCS(Plast)(Eng)
Consultant in Plastic, Reconstructive and Cosmetic Surgery and
Clinical Director of Burns, Stoke Mandeville Hospital,
Aylesbury, UK

Peter V. Giannoudis BSc MB MD EEC(Ortho) FRCS
Professor of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

Timothy Goodacre MD FRCS
Senior Clinical Lecturer, Nuffield Department of Surgery, Oxford; Florey Lecturer in Clinical Medicine, Queen’s College Oxford; Consultant Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon, Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals, Oxford, UK

William Gray MB MD FRCSI FRCS(SN)
Professor of Functional Neurosurgery, Institute of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, Cardif University, Cardiff, UK

Adam Greenbaum MB BS MBA PhD FRCS (Plast) FEBOPRAS Consultant Plastic Surgeon, The Aesthetic Body Centre, Hamilton, New Zealand

Jagannath Haldar MB BS MD FRCA Consultant Anaesthetist and Clinical Lead, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Honorary Clinical Lecturer, Oxford Brooke’s University, Oxford, UK

Freddie Hamdy MD MA FRCS FRCS (Ed)(Urol) FMedSci Director, Division of Surgery and Oncology, Oxford Radcliffe Hospitals NHS Trust, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK

Robert Handley BSc MB ChB FRCS(Ed)
The Trauma Service, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK

Jim Hill MB ChB ChM FRCS Consultant General and Colorectal Surgeon, Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, UK

Shervanthi Homer-Vanniasinkam IBSc MD FRCSED FRCS
Consultant Vascular Surgeon, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK

Ian Hunt MB BS BSc(Hons) FRCS(C-Th)
Consultant Thoracic Surgeon, Department of r Cardiothoracic Surgery, St George’s Hospital, London, UK

Ian Jackson MB ChB FRCA
Consultant Anaesthetist, Past President British Association of Day Surgery, York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, York, UK

Kath Jenkins BM BS FRCA Consultant Anaesthetist, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol UK

Kevin D. Johnston MBChB (Hons) BDS BSc MFDSRCS FRCA Specialist Registrar in Anaesthetics, Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK

Sanjeev Kanoria FRCS HPB and Liver Transplant Unit, University Department of Surgery Royal Free Hospital, London, UK

Frank Keane MD FRCSI FRCS FRCS (Ed) FRCP (Glas) FRCPI Asociate Professor of Surgery, Trinity College, and Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, Adelaide and Meath Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Stephen Kennedy MA(Oxon) MD MRCOGProfessor of Reproductive Medicine and Head of Department, Nuffield Department of Obsetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, The Women’s Centre, Oxford, UK

Irfan Khan MB BS MRCS Speciality Doctor, Orthopaedics, Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Trust, Gloucestershire, UK

Jay Kini MB BS DA MD FFARCSI Consultant Anaesthetist, Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK

Charles H Knowles BChir PhD FRCS Clinical Professor of Surgical Research and Hononary Consultant Colorectal Surgeon, Centre of Digestive Diseases, Blizard Institute, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University, London, UK

Zygmunt H. Krukowski PhD FRCS(Ed) FRCP(Ed) Hon FRCS(Glas)
Consultant Surgeon, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Professor of Clinical Surgery, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK and Surgeon to the Queen in Scotland

Pawanindra Lal MS DNB FIMSA MNAMS MNASc FRCS(Ed) FRCPS(Glas) FACS
Professor of Surgery, Maulana Azad Medical College & Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India

Peter Lamont MB ChB MD FRCS FEBVS Consultant Vascular Surgeon, Department of Vascular Surgery, Bristol Royal Infirmary, Bristol, UK

Anthony Lander PHD FRCS (Paed) DCH Consultant Paediatric Surgeon, Birmingham Children’s Hospital, Birmingham, UK

Richard M. Langford MD FRCA FFPMRCA
Professor of Anaesthesia and Pain Medicine Directory, Pain and Anaesthesia Research Centre, St Bartholomew’s and Royal London Hospitals, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK

Chris Lavy
OBE MD MCh FRCS Honary Professor and Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences (INDORMS), University of Nuffield, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK

Tom WJ Lennard MD FRCS
Professor of Surgery, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

James Lindsay PhD FRCP
Consultant and Senior Lecturer in Gasteroenterology, Digestive Diseases Clinical Academic Unit, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK

Valerie J. Lund CBE MS FRCS FRCS(Ed)
Professor of Rhinology, The Ear Institute, University College
London, London, UK

Peter J. Lunniss BSc MS FRCS
Senior Lecturer and Honorary Consultant Coloproctologist, Royal
London Hospital Whitechapel , London, UK

Peter McCollum BA MB BCh BAO MCh FRCSI FRCS(Ed)
Professor of Vascular Surgery, Hull York Medical School: Honorary Consultant Vascular Surgeon, Hull & East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull Royal Infirmary, Hull

John MacFie MB ChB R Nutr MD FRCS FRCP
Professor of Surgery/Consultant Surgeon, PGMI, University of Hull/Scarborough Hospital, Scarborough UK


Martin McNally MD FRCS(Ed) FRCS(Orth)
Consultant in Limb Reconstruction Surgery, Bone Infection Unit, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre: Honorary Senior Lecturer in Orthopaedics

Enda McVeigh MPhil FRCOG
Senior Fellow in Reproductive Medicine, Nuffield Departmetn of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Oxford, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, The Women’s Centre, Oxford, UK

Douglas McWhinnie MD(Hons)FRCS
Consultant General and Vascular Surgeon, Past President British Asociation of Day Surgery, Milton Keynes NHS Foundation Trust, Milton Keynes, UK

Matthew Matson MRCP FRCR
Consultant Radiologist, Royal London Hospital, London, UK

Philippa Matthews MSc MRCP FRCPath DPhil
Academic Clinical Lecturer in Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, UK

Vivek Mehta MD FRCA FFPMRCA
Consultant in Pain Medicine, Deputy Director, Pain and Anaesthesia Research Centre, St
Bartholomew’s and Royal London Hospitals, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK

Alastair J. Munro BSc FRCP(E) FRCR
Professor of Radiation Oncology, University of Dundee, Tayside Cancer Centre, Ninewells Hospital & Medical School, Dundee, UK

Dinesh K. Nathwani MB ChB MSc FRCSI(Tr & Orth)
Consultant and Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics Surgery, Imperial College Healthcare, Academic Health Sciences Centre, London, UK

David E. Neal BSc MS FRCS FRCS(Ed) FMedSci
University Department of Oncology, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, UK

Stephen J Nixon FRCS(Ed)FRCP(Edin)
Consultant Surgeon, Department of Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

Iain J Nixon MB ChB FRCS(Ed)(ORL-HNS)
Clinical Fellow, Head and Neck Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA

Karen Nugent MA MS FRCS
Professorial Surgical Unit, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK

Colm O’Brien MD FRCS FRCOphth
Professor of Ophthalmology and Consultant Ophthalmic Surgeon, University College Dublin and Mater Misericodiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

P. Ronan O’Connell MB BCh BAO MD FRCSI FRCPS(Glas)
Professor of Surgery, University College Dublin, St Vincent’s
Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

Hermant G Pandit FRCS(Orth) DPhil (Oxford)
Honorary Senior Clinical Lecturer in Orthopaedics, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre and Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics. Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences (NDORMS), Oxford,UK

Charles S. Perkins FDSRCS FFDRCSI FRCS
Consultant Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery,
Gloucestershire Royal Hospital , Gloucester, UK

Niall Power
Royal London Hospital, London, UK

Ashley R. Poynton MD FRCSI FRCS(Tr & Orth)
Consultant Spinal Surgeon, National Spinal Injuries Unit, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

John N. Primrose MD FRCS
Professor of Surgery, University of Southampton School of Medicine, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK

Sanjay Purkayastha BSc MB BS MD FRCS(Gen Surg)
Locum Consultant, General &
Bariatric Surgery, St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London UK

Mridula Rai MB BS MD FRCA
Consultant Anaesthetist, Nuffield Department of Anaesthetics, Modular Building, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, UK

Mamoon Rashid FRCS(Eng) FCPS(Pak)
Professor of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shifa College of Medicine; Consultant Plastic Surgeon and Programme Director, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Parkistan

Robert W. Ruckley MB ChB FRCS FRCS(Ed)
Consultant Ear, Nose and Throat and Head and Neck Surgeon (retired), Darlington Memorial Hospital, Darlington, UK

David A Russel MB ChB MD FRCS(Gen Surg)
Consultant Vascular Surgeon, Leeds Vascular Institute, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK

Richard Sainsbury MB BS MD FRCS
Consultant Breast Surgeon, Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southampton, UK

Arnand Sardesai MB BS MD FRCA
Consultant Anaesthetist, Addenbrooks’s Hospital, Cambridge, UK

Robert Sayers
Professor of Vascular Surgery, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, UK

Rishi Sharma MRCS DOHNS
Specialist Registrar, Ear Nose and Throat Surgery, Guys and St Thomas’ Hospital, London, UK

Bob Sharp BMBCh MA FRCS FRCS(Tr & Orth)
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Oxford University Hospitals, The Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, UK

Greg L Shaw MD FRCS(UROL)
Clinical Lecturer in Urology, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK

Mohan de Silva MS FRCS(Ed) FCSSL
Professor of Surgery and Dean, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Sri Jayawardenepura Gangodawila, Nugegoda, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Parminder J Singh MB BS MRCS FRCS(Tr & Orth) MS
Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Maroondah Hospital and Honorary Senior Lecturer, Monash and Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia

V Sitaram MS FRCPS(Glas)
Professor of Surgery, Department of Heptic, Pancreatic & Biliary (HPB) Surgery, Christian Medical College, Vellore, India

William P. Smith FDSRCS FRCS(Ed) FRCS
Consultant Maxillofacial Surgeon, Northampton General Hospital, Northampton, UK

Robert J.C. Steele MB ChB MD FRCS(Ed) FRCS
Professor of Surgery, University of Dundee, UK

Vinay Takwale MB MS FRCS(Tr & Orth)
Connsultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Gloucestershire Hospital, Gloucester, UK

Carol Tan MB ChB FRCS(C-Th)
Consultant Thoracic Surgeon, St Georges Hospital, London, UK

William EG Thomas MS FRCS FSACS(Hon)
Consultant Surgeon and Honorary Senior Lecturer in Surgery, Sheffield, UK

Kevin Tremper PhD MD
Robert B Sweet Professor and Chair, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

Bruce Tulloh MB MS(Melb)FRACSFRCS(Ed)
Department of Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

Michael Tyler FRCS(Plast) MB ChM
Consultant Plastic Surgeon, Stoke Mandeville Hospital,
Aylesbury, UK

Timothy J Underwood BSc(Hons) MB BS PhD FRCS
MRC Clinician Scientist and Honorary Consultant Surgeon, University Surgical Unit, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK

Medha Vanarase MB BS MD FRCA(Cert Ed)
Consultant Anaesthetist, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust, Oxford, UK

Robert Wheeler MS FRCS FRCPCH LLB(Hons) LLM
Consultant Paediatric Surgeon, Child Health, University Hospitals of Southampton, Southampton, UK

Birgit Whitman PhD
Head of Research Governance, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK

Marc Christopher Winslet MS FRCS
Professor of Surgery, Head of Department and Chairman of
Division of Surgery and Interventional Sciences, University
College London, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK

Joseph Windley MB BS BSc(Hons) MRCS
Specialist Registrar, Department of Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Imperial College Healthcare, Academic Health Sciences Centre, London, UK
Mustafa Zakkar PhD
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK

Acknowledgements

Sometimes a new edition of Bailey & Love feels like a swan swimming swiftly but serenly across a lake. From afar it may look effortless (and beautiful we hope), but to those who are closer to the action you can glimpse the webbed feet paddling away furiously beneath the surface driving that swan forward. The three editors are one part of a huge orchestra too large to mention all by name. However, it is a pleasure to acknowledge some of the most notable amongst the players.

Gavin Jamieson initiated the new edition as commissioning editor under the supervision of Jo Koster, who then took over following Gavin’s departure. Sarah Penny and Stephen Clausard took on the awesome responsibility of pulling all things ‘manuscript-related’ together. Susie Bond, Alyson Thomas and Theresa Mackie have done a great job with the copy editing and proof reading, while the index has been compiled ably by Christopher Boot. Mr Pradip Datta FRCS completely revamped the historical footnotes, going back all the way to the first edition to check that we had left no ‘jewels’ out of the crown. Mr Hemant Pandit FRCS, Dr Medha Vanarese FRCA and Mr Parminder Singh FRCS helped enormously with the commissioning and editing of the orthopaedic, anaesthetic and trauma chapters respectively.

Chapter 4, Basic surgical skills and anastomoses, contains some material from ‘Basic surgical skills and anastomoses’ by David J. Leaper. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 5, Surgical infection, contains some material from ‘Surgical infection’ by David J. Leaper. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 8, Principles of paediatric surgery, contains some material from ‘Principles of paediatric surgery’ by Mark Stringer. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 11, Surgical ethics and law, contains some material from ‘Surgical ethics’ by Len Doyal. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 16, Preoperative preparation, contains some material from ‘Preoperative preparation’ by Lisa Leonard and Sarah J. Barton. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 18, Care in the operating room, contains some material from ‘Care in the operating room’ by Sunny Deo and Vipul Mandalia. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 19, Perioperative management of the high-risk surgical patient, contains some material from ‘Perioperative management of the high-risk surgical patient’ by Rupert M. Pearse and Richard M. Langford. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 21, Postoperative care, contains some material from ‘Postoperative care’ by Alistair Pace and Nicholas C.M. Armitage. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 25, Head injury, contains some material from ‘Head injury’ by Richard Stacey and John Leach. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 34, Sports medicine and sports injuries, contains some material from ‘Sports medicine and sports injuries’ by D.L. Back and Jay Smith. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 36, Upper limb – pathology, assessment and management, contains some material from ‘Upper limb – pathology, assessment and management’ by Srinath Kamineni. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 37, Hip and knee, contains some material from ‘Hip and knee’ by Vikas Khanduja and Richard N. Villar. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 38, Foot and ankle, contains some material from ‘Foot and ankle’ by Mark Davies, Matthew C. Solan and Vikas Khanduja. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 43, Elective neurosurgery, contains some material from ‘Elective Neurosurgery’ by John Leach and Richard Kerr. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 44, The eye and orbit, contains some material from ‘The eye and orbit’ by Jonathan D. Jagger and Hugo W.A. Henderson. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 48, The pharynx, larynx and neck, contains some material from ‘The pharynx, larynx and neck’ by Jonathan D. Jagger and Hugo W.A. Henderson. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 52, The adrenal glands and other abdominal endocrine disorders, contains some material from ‘Adrenal glands and other endocrine disorders’ by Matthias Rothmund. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 55, The thorax, contains some material from ‘The thorax’ by Tom Treasure. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 56, Arterial disorders, contains some material from ‘Arterial disorders’ by John A. Murie. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 57, Venous disorders, contains some material from ‘Venous disorders’ by Kevin Burnand. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 58, Lymphatic disorders, contains some material from ‘Lymphatic disorders’ by Shervanthi Homer-Vanniasinkam and Andrew Bradbury. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 59, History and examination of the abdomen, contains some material from ‘History and examination of the abdomen’ by Simon Paterson-Brown. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 60, Abdominal wall, hernia and umbilicus, contains some material from ‘Hernias, umbilicus and abdominal wall’ by Andrew N. Kingsnorth, Giorgi Giorgobiani and David H. Bennett. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 61, The peritoneum, omentum, mesentery and retroperitoneal space, contains some material from ‘The peritoneum, omentum, mesentery and retroperitoneal space’ by Jerry Thompson. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 65, The liver, contains some material from ‘The liver’ by Brian R. Davidson. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 69, The small and large intestines, contains some material from ‘The small and large intestines’ by Neil J. McC Mortensen and Shazad Ashraf. The material has been revised and updated by the current authors.

Chapter 70, Intestinal obstruction, contains some material from ‘Intestinal obstruction’ by Marc Christopher Winslet. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 76, The urinary bladder, contains some material from ‘The urinary bladder’ by David E. Neal. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 78, Urethra and penis, contains some material from ‘Urethra and penis’ by Christopher G. Fowler. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.

Chapter 79, Testis and scrotum, contains some material from ‘Testis and scrotum’ by Christopher G. Fowler. The material has been revised and updated by the current author.


© CRC Press 2013